What is ACNE?

Congestion and Breakouts

As many as 40% of women aged 25+ suffer from a low grade, persistent acne. Blackheads, whiteheads and pimples are common amongst South Africans, some learn to live with it, others try their best to get rid of it.

acne1

What is the difference between Acne and just a breakout?

Acne is genetic whereas breakouts can occur at any time, but is not normally persistent and is triggered either by hormones or external stimuli. Any skin type can suffer from an occasional breakout at times.

Genetically the following happens in an Acne skin:

  1. Produce thicker, stickier sebum (oil) than a normal skin due to excess male hormone, testosterone.
  2. An Acne skin produces 5 times more skin cells, but contains less Lamellar Granules which secretes enzymes to loosen the skin cells for desquamation. This condition is called Retention Hyper Keratosis (holding onto too many skin cells).
  3. With the above mentioned the follicle opening (pore) is closed off (blackhead formation) and with the lack of oxygen present the Propioni Bacterium (P-Acne) becomes active digesting certain parts of the sebum, leading to irritation and inflammation, this is now a pustule (pussy pimple).
  4. Every follicle should contain a hair to wick out the oil and dead skin cells. However in a Acne skin this is not always the case, sometimes there is no follicle in which case we call that a sebaceous follicle, or other times the follicle contains a very weak hair which cannot perform this function.

acne2

Products and ingredients to avoid when you are prone to breakouts or suffer with Acne:

Lanolin: Irritates the skin lining the follicle leading to an increase in oil production and dead cell build-up resulting in a blackhead.

Mineral Oil: Occlusive on the skin, leading to congestion (fine bumps which

are whiteheads and blackheads).

Artificial Colour: Irritates the skin lining the follicle leading to blackheads. Often women wearing orange, red and bright pinks might get blackheads on the lip line or on the cheeks where they apply their orange or pink blusher.

Invest in the following products or ingredients:

Bentonite and Kaolin Clays: Absorbs the excess oil without dehydrating the skin.

Salicylic Acid: Exfoliates the excess dead skin cells and is anti-inflammatory making it ideal for the inflamed breakouts.

Glycolic Acid: Removes the excess dead skin cells and rejuvenates the skin, preventing scar tissue as well as removing dark discolourations.

 

By Sonette Donker (Skin iD)

Renew your skin with Dermaceutic Cosmo Peel

The Dermaceutic Cosmo Peel changes people’s lives on a daily basis and I had the great privilege to have one of these peels. This fantastic peel removes all the ugly, damaged skin cells and stimulate new skin cells which results in a younger looking skin. The Cosmo Peel helps improve the skin by removing skin discolouration, fine lines and wrinkles.

The procedure is fairly quick and painless. Normally your medical practitioner will clean your skin and then apply the Cosmo Peel with cotton buds. At this stage you might experience heat on the skin. This peel contains an acid called TCA (Trichloracetic Acid), this acid removes the dead, damaged cells so that new ones can be produced and stimulates collagen production in the deeper layers of the skin. TCA is layer dependent which results in deeper penetration with more layers applied to your skin. This peel also comes in a variety of strengths which will have different effects on the skin.

Your medical practitioner will leave this peel on your skin and will use a fan to cool your skin as well as dry the product. Once the product has dried your medical practitioner will apply the Cosmo Peel Cream. This cream will soothe your skin on application and contains Hydroxy Acids, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and some more antioxidants. These ingredients will ensure optimum stimulation and lasting results.

It is recommended that you invest in Dermaceutic home care products to enhance the results prior and after the Cosmo Peel.

My skin looked radiant, had an improved texture, more even skin colour and felt really smooth.

Normally a course of 4 peels are recommended and performed every 2 weeks. You would normally wait 1 month after your course of treatments before you start your monthly maintenance peels.

The Cosmo Peel is recommended for Aging Skin, Dark Spots, Wrinkles, Smoker’s Complexion, Stretch Marks and Acne Scars.

C25 Cream

I use this cream every day as a moisturiser. The C25 Cream is rich in vitamins and in actual fact it contains a cocktail of 25% Vitamin C, A, B5 and E. These vitamins protects your skin against free radicals which normally lead to aging, skin discolouration and sensitivity. Your skin will feel well moisturised although this cream is very light in texture. It is also Paraben and Fragrance free.

Action of Vitamins

  • Vitamin C: A powerful antioxidant, it reduces the signs of skin aging by increasing the production of collagen and minimizing the colour/ pigment production.
  • Vitamin A: It improves the structure of the skin and combats the signs of aging, such as wrinkles, fine lines, uneven skin texture and hyperpigmentation.
  • Vitamin B5: Reduces water loss and keeps the skin smooth and elastic due to its moisturizing properties.
  • Vitamin E: Renowned for its antioxidant properties and it combats the signs of photoaging.

The C25 Cream is the perfect travel companion providing your skin with  adequate protection and the active ingredients that can reverse any skin damage.

by Sonette Donker – Skin ID